Creep rupture of the joint of a solid oxide fuel cell glass-ceramic sealant with metallic interconnect

Chih Kuang Lin, Kun Liang Lin, Jing Hong Yeh, Si Han Wu, Ruey Yi Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Creep properties of sandwich joint specimens made of a newly developed BaO-B2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramic sealant (GC-9) and a ferritic-stainless-steel interconnect (Crofer 22 H) for planar solid oxide fuel cells (pSOFCs) are investigated at 800 C under constant shear and tensile loadings. The creep rupture time of Crofer 22 H/GC-9/Crofer 22 H joint specimens is increased with a decrease in applied load for both shear and tensile loading modes. The given metal/sealant/metal joint has a greater degradation of joint strength at 800 C under prolonged, constant tensile loading as compared to shear loading. The tensile creep strength at a rupture time of 1000 h is about 9% of the average tensile joint strength, while the shear creep strength at 1000 h is about 23% of the average shear joint strength. Failure patterns of both shear and tensile joint specimens are similar regardless of the creep rupture time. In general, creep cracks initiate at the interface between the (Cr,Mn)3O4 spinel layer and the BaCrO4 chromate layer, penetrate through the BaCrO4 layer, and propagate along the interface between the chromate layer and glass-ceramic substrate until final fracture. Final, fast fracture occasionally takes place within the glass-ceramic layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-795
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume245
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Creep
  • Glass-ceramic sealant
  • Joint strength
  • Metallic interconnect
  • Planar solid oxide fuel cell

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