Corrosion inhibition of steel by thiourea and cations under incomplete cathodic protection in a 3.5% NaCl solution and seawater

J. C. Lin, S. L. Chang, S. L. Lee

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Abstract

This study investigates corrosion inhibition of steel using thiourea and cations such as aluminum, calcium and magnesium under cathodic control in a 3.5% NaCl solution and in seawater. Steel protection in a 3.5% NaCl solution is normally incomplete under a cathodic potential less electronegative than -1.100 V. However, the protection can be enhanced by nearly 50% by adding either 50 ppm aluminum ion or 75 ppm thiourea in solution, and by almost 90% by the combined use of these additions. This study also analyzes how combining inhibitors and cathodic control may be used to protect steel. Moreover, this investigation monitors pH in the solution, measures zero-resistance current between the graphite-steel couple, as well as analyzes cathode reaction products. A mechanism is also proposed to interpret the combined effects of inhibitors and cathodic control on the protection of steel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-918
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Electrochemistry
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

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