Controlled Silanization: High Molecular Regularity of Functional Thiol Groups on Siloxane Coatings

Tien Jung Lee, Lai Kwan Chau, Chun Jen Huang

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24 Scopus citations


A comparative study on deposition and molecular regularity of two organosilanes, i.e., commercially available (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (MPTMS) and newly developed mercaptopropylsilatrane (MPS), was conducted in this work. MPTMS and MPS were applied to modify silicon surfaces to characterize their deposition kinetics, surface morphology, thickness, and elemental composition and the reactivity of thiol end groups based on gold-thiol and thiol-ene chemistries. MPS possesses a tricyclic caged structure and a transannular N → Si dative bond, making it chemically stable and controllable to avoid fast hydrolysis and aggregation in solution. The results indicate that MPS allows faster deposition and better formation of thin and homogeneous films than MPTMS. More importantly, the functional thiol groups on MPS coatings enable immobilization of a large amount of gold nanoparticles and effective thiol-ene photopolymerization with zwitterionic sulfobetaine acrylamide. Postmodification on silanized surfaces with MPS endows excellent plasmonic and antifouling properties, potentially leading to valuable applications to biosensing and biomaterials. The work demonstrated the feasibility and applicability of the functional silatrane molecule for surface silanization in a controlled manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5935-5943
Number of pages9
Issue number21
StatePublished - 2 Jun 2020


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