HFO-1234yf has similar thermodynamic properties to HFC-134a but much lower GWP value. It is expected as a good candidate to replace the refrigerant HFC-134a in the near future. However, only very few papers have been published in the past years regarding to the flow condensation heat transfer performance of this new refrigerant. This study provides an experimental analysis of flow condensation heat transfer and pressure drops of refrigerants HFO-1234yf and HFC-134a in a small circular tube. The test results show that both pressure drop and condensation heat transfer performance depend on the fluid properties, flow conditions and flow patterns. The major controlling properties on pressure drops and heat transfer coefficients is strongly depending on their two-phase flow pattern at various flow conditions. At the lowest mass velocity, gravity is the major force that dominates the heat transfer mechanism and the flow pattern is slug. Higher liquid viscosity retarded the condensate flow but higher liquid conductivity provided better heat transfer through the liquid film. Both liquid viscosity and conductivity are the important controlling properties. While mass velocity and vapor quality increased, the effect of shear force increased and the flow pattern transferred to annular. Liquid thermal conductivity became the major controlling property at high vapor qualities. But at low vapor qualities, gravity is still important and therefore liquid viscosity is one the major controlling parameter. At the highest mass velocity conditions, gravity effect is negligible even though at very low vapor quality condition. Shear force dominated the condensation heat transfer mechanism and liquid conductivity is the most important controlling property. It can be concluded that the flow condensation heat transfer performance is strongly depending on the two-phase flow patterns at various flow conditions.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer|
|State||Published - Dec 2018|
- Flow condensation heat transfer
- Flow pattern
- Two-phase pressure drop