Complete oxidation of toluene on Pd/modified-CeO2 catalysts

Hsien Quen Lin, Yu Wen Chen

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Abstract

In this study, a series of 0.5 wt% Pd/modified-CeO2 catalysts with different metal additives were prepared by incipient-wetness impregnation method. The samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The catalysts were tested for total oxidation of toluene, the feed concentration was 8.564 g/m3 (2085 ppm) with GHSV of 10,000 h−1. The XRD patterns only showed intense CeO2 peaks, no characteristic peak for palladium and additive oxides were observed, inferring that the particle size of palladium was less than 4 nm and additive oxide was also well-dispersed. The TEM images confirmed that the average particle size of palladium was 2–4 nm and they were well dispersed on the support. After loading different modifiers, the concentration of metallic palladium species increased. The activities of the catalysts decreased in the order: Pd/ZrO2CeO2> Pd/MnO2[sbnd]CeO2> Pd/CuOCeO2> Pd/ZnOCeO2> Pd/CeO2. Pd/ZrO2[sbnd]CeO2 showed the highest activity among all catalysts. The presence of additives increased the oxygen storage of CeO2. Adding additives on the Pd/CeO2 created the synergetic effect, resulting in high activity for complete oxidation of toluene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-73
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume67
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • CeO
  • Complete oxidation of toluene
  • MnO
  • Pd catalysts
  • Promoter
  • VOCs combustion

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