Classification of Plank Techniques Using Wearable Sensors

Zong Rong Chen, Wei Chi Tsai, Shih Feng Huang, Tzu Yi Li, Chen Yi Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The plank is a common core-stability exercise. Developing a wearable inertial sensor system for distinguishing between acceptable and aberrant plank techniques and detecting specific deviations from acceptable plank techniques can enhance performance and prevent injury. The purpose of this study was to develop an inertial measurement unit (IMU)-based plank technique quantification system. Nineteen healthy volunteers (age: 20.5 ± 0.8 years, BMI: 22.9 ± 1.4 kg/m2) performed the standard plank technique and six deviations with five IMUs positioned on the occiput, cervical spine, thoracic spine, sacrum, and right radius to record movements. The random forest method was employed to perform the classification. The proposed binary tree classification model achieved an accuracy of more than 86%. The average sensitivities were higher than 90%, and the specificities were higher than 91%, except for one deviation (83%). These results suggest that the five IMU-based systems can classify the plank technique as acceptable or aberrant with good accuracy, high sensitivity, and acceptable specificity, which has significant implications in monitoring plank biomechanics and enabling coaching practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4510
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022


  • athlete
  • coaching
  • core training
  • kinematics
  • motion analysis
  • sports performance


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