Classification and observed seasonal phenology of broadleaf deciduous forests in a tropical region by using multitemporal sentinel-1a and landsat 8 data

Anh Tuan Tran, Kim Anh Nguyen, Yuei An Liou, Minh Hang Le, Van Truong Vu, Dinh Duong Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Broadleaf deciduous forests (BDFs) or dry dipterocarp forests play an important role in biodiversity conservation in tropical regions. Observations and classification of forest phenology provide valuable inputs for ecosystem models regarding its responses to climate change to assist forest management. Remotely sensed observations are often used to derive the parameters corre-sponding to seasonal vegetation dynamics. Data acquired from the Sentinel-1A satellite holds a great potential to improve forest type classification at a medium-large scale. This article presents an integrated object-based classification method by using Sentinel-1A and Landsat 8 OLI data acquired during different phenological periods (rainy and dry seasons). The deciduous forest and nondecid-uous forest areas are classified by using NDVI (normalized difference vegetation index) from Landsat 8 cloud-free composite images taken during dry (from February to April) and rainy (from June to October) seasons. Shorea siamensis (S. siamensis), Shorea obtusa (S. obtusa), and Dipterocarpus tuber-culatus (D. tuberculatus) in the deciduous forest area are classified based on the correlation between phenology of BDFs in Yok Don National Park and backscatter values of time-series Sentinel-1A imagery in deciduous forest areas. One hundred and five plots were selected during the field survey in the study area, consisting of dominant deciduous species, tree height, and canopy diameter. Thirty-nine plots were used for training to decide the broadleaf deciduous forest areas of the classified BDFs by the proposed method, and the other sixty-six plots were used for validation. Our proposed approach used the changes of backscatter in multitemporal SAR images to implement BDF classification mapping with acceptable accuracy. The overall accuracy of classification is about 79%, with a kappa coefficient of 0.7. Accurate classification and mapping of the BDFs using the proposed method can help authorities implement forest management in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Broadleaf deciduous forests
  • Forest classification
  • Landsat
  • Multiresolution segmentation algorithm
  • Sentinel


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