Characterization of polyaniline synthesized from chemical oxidative polymerization at various polymerization temperatures

Ku Yen Lin, Lun Wei Hu, Ko Lun Chen, Ming Deng Siao, Wei Fu Ji, Chun Chuen Yang, Jui Ming Yeh, Kuan Cheng Chiu

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14 Scopus citations


We report on the effects from polymerization temperature (TP) on the thermal de-protonation of anilinium cations into neutral anilines and on the structural and electrical properties of polyaniline emeraldine salt (PANI ES) samples synthesized from chemical oxidative polymerization with ammonium peroxydisulfate as oxidant and with [HCl] varied from 0.7, 1.0, and 2.0 M. From the TP–dependence of induction period the activation energy associated with this thermal de-protonation is evaluated. With increasing TP to increase the de-protonation rate, the as-synthesized PANI ES samples possess a weaker hardness, a less crystallinity, a lower molecular weight and a smaller dispersity. From the temperature-dependence of electrical conductivity measured on these doped PANI ES samples and with application of the nearest-neighbor hopping model, the corresponding activation energy for charge transport increases with increasing TP. Above results reveal that the distribution of polaron states induced by counter-ions in the PANI ES sample synthesized at higher TP becomes more disorder and hence results in a broader polaron bandwidth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-319
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017


  • Activated barrier crossing
  • Chemical oxidative polymerization
  • De-protonation
  • Induction period
  • Polymerization temperature


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