Characterization and biotoxicity of Hypnea musciformis-synthesized silver nanoparticles as potential eco-friendly control tool against Aedes aegypti and Plutella xylostella

Mathath Roni, Kadarkarai Murugan, Chellasamy Panneerselvam, Jayapal Subramaniam, Marcello Nicoletti, Pari Madhiyazhagan, Devakumar Dinesh, Udaiyan Suresh, Hanem F. Khater, Hui Wei, Angelo Canale, Abdullah A. Alarfaj, Murugan A. Munusamy, Akon Higuchi, Giovanni Benelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two of the most important challenges facing humanity in the 21st century comprise food production and disease control. Eco-friendly control tools against mosquito vectors and agricultural pests are urgently needed. Insecticidal products of marine origin have a huge potential to control these pests. In this research, we reported a single-step method to synthesize silver nanoparticles (AgNP) using the aqueous leaf extract of the seaweed Hypnea musciformis, a cheap, nontoxic and eco-friendly material, that worked as reducing and stabilizing agent during the biosynthesis. The formation of AgNP was confirmed by surface plasmon resonance band illustrated in UV-vis spectrophotometer. AgNP were characterized by FTIR, SEM, EDX and XRD analyses. AgNP were mostly spherical in shape, crystalline in nature, with face-centered cubic geometry, and their mean size was 40-65nm. Low doses of H. musciformis aqueous extract and seaweed-synthesized AgNP showed larvicidal and pupicidal toxicity against the dengue vector Aedes aegypti and the cabbage pest Plutella xylostella. The LC50 value of AgNP ranged from 18.14 to 38.23ppm for 1st instar larvae (L1) and pupae of A. aegypti, and from 24.5 to 38.23ppm for L1 and pupae of P. xylostella. Both H. musciformis extract and AgNP strongly reduced longevity and fecundity of A. aegypti and P. xylostella adults. This study adds knowledge on the toxicity of seaweed borne insecticides and green-synthesized AgNP against arthropods of medical and agricultural importance, allowing us to propose the tested products as effective candidates to develop newer and cheap pest control tools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume121
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Bio-fabrication
  • Green-synthesis
  • Nanobiotechnology
  • Pest control
  • Seaweed

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