We report the synthesis and photophysical/electrochemical properties of triphenylamine (TPA)-based multiple electron acceptor dyes (TPAR1, TPAR2, and TPAR3) as well as their applications in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In these dyes, the TPA group and the rhodanine-3-acetic acid play the role of the basic electron donor unit and the electron acceptor, respectively. It was found that introduction of two rhodanine-3-acetic acid groups into the TPA unit (TPAR2) exhibited better photovoltaic performance due to the increase with a red shift and broadening of the absorption spectrum. The monolayer of these TPA-based dyes was adsorbed on the surface of nanocrystalline TiO2 mesoporous electrode with the thickness of ∼6 μm, polyethylene oxide (PEO) used as the matrix of gel electrolyte, and 4-nm thick Pt used as a counter-electrode. Photovoltaic device can be realized in a single quasi-solid-state DSSC. TPAR2-based gel DSSC had an open circuit voltage and short circuit current density of about 541 and 10.7 mA cm-2, respectively, at 1-sun.
- Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)
- Nanocrystalline TiO
- Polyethylene oxide (PEO)-based electrolyte
- Triphenylamine-rhodanine dyes