Characteristics of triphenylamine-based dyes with multiple acceptors in application of dye-sensitized solar cells

Chien Hsin Yang, Han Lung Chen, Yao Yuan Chuang, Chun Guey Wu, Chiao Pei Chen, Shao Hong Liao, Tzong Liu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the synthesis and photophysical/electrochemical properties of triphenylamine (TPA)-based multiple electron acceptor dyes (TPAR1, TPAR2, and TPAR3) as well as their applications in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In these dyes, the TPA group and the rhodanine-3-acetic acid play the role of the basic electron donor unit and the electron acceptor, respectively. It was found that introduction of two rhodanine-3-acetic acid groups into the TPA unit (TPAR2) exhibited better photovoltaic performance due to the increase with a red shift and broadening of the absorption spectrum. The monolayer of these TPA-based dyes was adsorbed on the surface of nanocrystalline TiO2 mesoporous electrode with the thickness of ∼6 μm, polyethylene oxide (PEO) used as the matrix of gel electrolyte, and 4-nm thick Pt used as a counter-electrode. Photovoltaic device can be realized in a single quasi-solid-state DSSC. TPAR2-based gel DSSC had an open circuit voltage and short circuit current density of about 541 and 10.7 mA cm-2, respectively, at 1-sun.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-634
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume188
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2009

Keywords

  • Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)
  • Nanocrystalline TiO
  • Polyethylene oxide (PEO)-based electrolyte
  • Triphenylamine-rhodanine dyes

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