Characteristics of the polishing effects for the stainless tubes in magnetic finishing with gel abrasive

Ken Chuan Cheng, Kuan Yu Chen, Hai Ping Tsui, A. Cheng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Magnetic abrasive finishing (MAF) is a fast, high efficiency and high-precision polishing method on the surface machining of the metals. Furthermore, MAF also can be utilized to polish the stainless tubes in industrial applications; however, stainless tubes are often a non-magnetic material that makes it difficult for the magnetic field line to penetrate into the stainless tubes, thus reducing the magnetic forces in the inner tubes polishing. That is why stainless tubes are not easy to finish using traditional MAF. Therefore, magnetic finishing with gel abrasive (MFGA) applies gels mixed with steel grit and abrasives that were developed to improve the polishing efficiency and surface uniformity of the steel elements. In this study, a guar gum or silicone gel mixed with steel grit and silicon carbides are used as the magnetic abrasive gel to polish the stainless inner tubes. A DC motor was used to control the rotation speed of the chuck and an AC induction motor connected with an eccentric cam to produce the reciprocating motion of the workpiece were utilized to finish the inner surface of stainless tubes in the polishing process. The parameters of abrasive concentration, abrasive particle sizes, rotation speeds of motor and electric currents were used to investigate the surface roughness and the removal of materials from the stainless tubes. The experimental results showed that since guar gum had better fluidity than the silicone gel did, guar gum created excellent polishing efficiency in MFGA. Furthermore, the surface roughness of the stainless tube decreased from 0.646 µm Ra to below 0.056 µm Ra after processing for 30 min with the parameters of current 3A, gel abrasive with guar gum, rotational speed 1300 rpm and vibration frequency 4 Hz.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1561
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Guar gum
  • Magnetic abrasive finishing
  • Magnetic finishing with gel abrasive
  • Silicone gel
  • Stainless tube
  • Surface roughness


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