Channel estimation technique assisted by postfixed PN sequences with zero padding for wireless OFDM communications

Jung Shan Lin, Hong Yu Chen, Jia Chin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper proposes a channel estimation technique which uses a postfixed pseudo-noise (PN) sequence combined with zero padding to accurately estimate the channel impulse response for mobile orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) communications. The major advantage of the proposed techniques is the periodical insertion of PN sequences after each OFDM symbol within the original guard interval in conventional zero-padded OFDM or within the original cyclic prefix (CP) in conventional CP-OFDM. In addition, the proposed technique takes advantage of null samples padded after the PN sequences for reducing inter-symbol interference occurring with the information detection in conventional pseudo-random-postfix OFDM. The proposed technique successfully applies either (1) least-squares algorithm with decision-directed data-assistance, (2) approximate least-squares estimation, or (3) maximumlikelihood scheme with various observation windows for the purpose of improving channel estimation performance. Some comparative simulations are given to illustrate the excellent performance of the proposed channel estimation techniques in mobile environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1102
Number of pages8
JournalIEICE Transactions on Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2008


  • Channel estimation
  • Least-squares
  • Maximum-likelihood
  • OFDM
  • Pseudo-noise sequence
  • Zero padding


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