The synthesis of hydrocarbons from catalytic hydrogenation of CO/H 2 was investigated over Co/zeolite catalysts at 1 atm, 493-553 K, H2/CO = 2, and GHSV = 1200. Various zeolites, such as NaA, NaX, NaY, KL and NaMordenite, were used as the supports. The catalysts were prepared by impregnation and were characterized by H2/CO chemisorption and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR). Based on TPD measurements, the CO/H 2 adsorption ratio can be used as an index for the extent of metal-zeolite interaction. The stronger the metal-zeolite interaction is, the higher the Co/H2 adsorption ratio on metal is. The activity and selectivity of cobalt supported in zeolites were affected by complex factors such as framework structure, Si/Al ratio, and the complementary cations. The activity of the catalyst is in the order: Co/KL > Co/NaX > Co/NaY > Co/NaMordenite > Co/NaA. All of the Co/zeolite catalysts had a very high selectivity to C2-C4 olefins, which would decrease with increasing reaction temperature. Cobalt oxide supported in zeolite was difficult to reduce. Increasing the reduction temperature could increase the reducibility of cobalt and resulted in the increase of activity.
- Carbon monoxide hydrogenation
- Fischer-Tropsch synthesis