Can the helium-detonation model explain the observed diversity of type ia supernovae?

Wenxiong Li, Xiaofeng Wang, Mattia Bulla, Yen Chen Pan, Lifan Wang, Jun Mo, Jujia Zhang, Chengyuan Wu, Jicheng Zhang, Tianmeng Zhang, Danfeng Xiang, Han Lin, Hanna Sai, Xinghan Zhang, Zhihao Chen, Shengyu Yan

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We study a sample of 16 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) having both spectroscopic and photometric observations within 2-3 days after the first light. The early B − V colors of such a sample tend to show a continuous distribution. For objects with normal ejecta velocity (NV), the C II λ6580 feature is always visible in the early spectra, while it is absent or very weak in the high-velocity (HV) counterpart. Moreover, the velocities of the detached high-velocity features (HVFs) of the Ca II near-IR triplet (CaIR3) above the photosphere are found to be much higher in HV objects than in NV objects, with typical values exceeding 30,000 km s−1 at 2-3 days. We further analyze the relation between the velocity shift of late-time [Fe II] lines (v[Fe II]) and host galaxy mass. We find that all HV objects have redshifted v[Fe II], while NV objects have both blue- and redshifted v[Fe II]. It is interesting to point out that the objects with redshifted v[Fe II] are all located in massive galaxies, implying that HV and a portion of NV objects may have similar progenitor metallicities and explosion mechanisms. We propose that, with a geometric/projected effect, the He-detonation model may account for the similarity in birthplace environment and the differences seen in some SNe Ia, including B − V colors, C II features, CaIR3 HVFs at early times, and v[Fe II] in the nebular phase. Nevertheless, some features predicted by He-detonation simulation, such as the rapidly decreasing light curve, deviate from the observations, and some NV objects with blueshifted nebular v[Fe II] may involve other explosion mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number99
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 10 Jan 2021


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