Broad-band optical polarimetric studies towards the Galactic young star cluster Berkeley 59

C. Eswaraiah, A. K. Pandey, G. Maheswar, W. P. Chen, D. K. Ojha, H. C. Chandola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present multiwavelength optical linear polarimetric observations of 69 stars towards the young open cluster Berkeley 59. The observations reveal the presence of three dust layers located at distances of ~300, ~500 and ~700pc. The dust layers produce a total polarization P V~ 5.5per cent. The mean values of polarization and polarization angles due to the dust layers are found to increase systematically with distance. We show that polarimetry in combination with the (U-B)-(B-V) colour-colour diagram yields a better identification of cluster members. The polarization measurements suggest that the polarization due the intracluster medium is ~2.2per cent. An anomalous reddening law exists for the cluster region, indicating a relatively larger grain size than that in the diffuse interstellar medium. The spatial variation of polarization and colour excess E(B-V) are found to increase with radial distance from the cluster centre, whereas θ V and λ max are found to decrease with increasing radial distance from the cluster centre. About 40per cent of cluster members show the signatures of either intrinsic polarization or rotation in their polarization angles. There is an indication that the starlight of the cluster members might have been depolarized because of non-uniform alignment of dust grains in the foreground dust layers and in the intracluster medium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2587-2605
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume419
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Dust, extinction
  • Open clusters and associations: individual: Berkeley 59
  • Polarization

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