Bond synergy model for bond energies in alloy oxides

Szu Chia Chien, Wolfgang Windl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In this work we introduce a metal-oxide bond-energy model for alloy oxides based on pure-phase bond energies and bond synergy factors that describe the effect of alloying on the bond energy between cations and oxygen, an important quantity to understand the formation of alloy oxides and their composition. This model is parameterized for binary cation-alloy oxides using density-functional theory energies and is shown to be directly transferable to multi-component alloy oxides. We parameterized the model for alloy oxide energies with metal cations that form the basis of corrosion resistant alloys, including Fe, Ni, Cr, Mo, Mn, W, Co, and Ru. We find that isoelectronic solutes allow quantification of pure-phase bond energies in oxides and the calculated bond energy values give sensible results compared to common experience, including the role of Cr as the passive-layer former in Fe–Ni–Cr alloys for corrosion applications. Additionally, the bond synergy factors give insights into the mutual strengthening and weakening effects of alloying on cation-oxygen bonds and can be related to enthalpy of mixing and charge neutrality constraints. We demonstrate how charge neutrality can be identified and achieved by the oxidation states that the different cations assume depending on alloy composition and the presence of defects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number141511
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number14
StatePublished - Nov 2020


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