Biometric verification using thermal images of palm-dorsa vein patterns

Chih Lung Lin, Kuo Chin Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

290 Scopus citations


A novel approach to personal verification using the thermal images of palm-dorsa vein patterns is presented in this paper. The characteristics of the proposed method are that no prior knowledge about the objects is necessary and the parameters can be set automatically. In our work, an infrared (IR) camera is adopted as the input device to capture the thermal images of the palm-dorsa. In the proposed approach, two of the finger webs are automatically selected as the datum points to define the region of interest (ROI) on the thermal images. Within each ROI, feature points of the vein patterns (FPVPs) are extracted by modifying the basic tool of watershed transformation based on the properties of thermal images. According to the heat conduction law (the Fourier law), multiple features can be extracted from each FPVP for verification. Multiresolution representations of images with FPVPs are obtained using multiple multiresolution filters (MRFs) that extract the dominant points by filtering miscellaneous features for each FPVP. A hierarchical integrating function is then applied to integrate multiple features and multiresolution representations. The former is integrated by an inter-to-intra personal variation ratio and the latter is integrated by a positive Boolean function. We also introduce a logical and reasonable method to select a trained threshold for verification. Experiments were conducted using the thermal images of palm-dorsas and the results are satisfactory with an acceptable accuracy rate (FRR:2.3% and FAR:2.3%). The experimental results demonstrate that our proposed approach is valid and effective for vein-pattern verification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-213
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2004


  • Inter-to-intra personal variation ratio
  • Multiple multiresolution filters
  • Positive Boolean function (PBF)
  • Vein-pattern verification
  • Watershed transformation


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