Biomaterial Design for Human ESCs and iPSCs on Feeder-Free Culture toward Pharmaceutical Usage of Stem Cells

Akon Higuchi, S. Suresh Kumar, Murugan A. Munusamy, Abdullah A. Alarfaj

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This chapter describes recent developments of natural and synthetic biomaterials to support the propagation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), including human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), while maintaining pluripotency in feeder-free cultures. hPSCs are differentiated into any kind of tissue cells in our body, which will be used as pharmaceuticals as cell therapy. The development of methods for culturing these cells without using mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) as a feeder layer will enable more reproducible culture conditions and reduce the risk of xenogenic contaminants when used in pharmaceuticals. The combination of human ECM proteins or cell adhesion molecules and synthetic biomaterials with well-designed surfaces and/or structures (e.g., scaffolds, hydrogels, microcarriers, microcapsules, or microfibers) in the presence of a chemically defined medium containing recombinant growth factors would offer a xeno-free alternative to feeder cells for culturing hPSCs and maintaining their pluripotency.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStructure and Chemistry
Number of pages48
ISBN (Electronic)9781119041375
ISBN (Print)9781119041344
StatePublished - 3 Jul 2015


  • Biomaterial
  • Cell culture
  • Differentiation
  • Embryonic stem cells
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells
  • Pluripotency
  • Vitronectin


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