Benefits of Atrial Substrate Modification Guided by Electrogram Similarity and Phase Mapping Techniques to Eliminate Rotors and Focal Sources Versus Conventional Defragmentation in Persistent Atrial Fibrillation

Yenn Jiang Lin, Men Tzung Lo, Shih Lin Chang, Li Wei Lo, Yu Feng Hu, Tze Fan Chao, Fa Po Chung, Jo Nan Liao, Chin Yu Lin, Huan Yu Kuo, Yi Chung Chang, Chen Lin, Ta Chuan Tuan, Hsu Wen Vincent Young, Kazuyoshi Suenari, Van Buu Dan Do, Suunu Budhi Raharjo, Norden E. Huang, Shih Ann Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives This prospective study compared the efficacy of atrial substrate modification guided by a nonlinear phase mapping technique with that of conventional substrate ablation. Background The optimal ablation strategy for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) was unknown. Methods In phase 1 study, we applied a cellular automation technique to simulate the electrical wave propagation to improve the phase mapping algorithm, involving analysis of high-similarity electrogram regions. In addition, we defined rotors and focal AF sources, using the physical parameters of the divergence and curvature forces. In phase 2 study, we enrolled 68 patients with persistent AF undergoing substrate modification into 2 groups, group-1 (n = 34) underwent similarity index (SI) and phase mapping techniques; group-2 (n = 34) received complex fractionated atrial electrogram ablation with commercially available software. Group-1 received real-time waveform similarity measurements in which a phase mapping algorithm was applied to localize the sources. We evaluated the single-procedure freedom from AF. Results In group-1, we identified an average of 2.6 ± 0.89 SI regions per chamber. These regions involved rotors and focal sources in 65% and 77% of patients in group-1, respectively. Group-1 patients had shorter ablation procedure times, higher termination rates, and significant reduction in AF recurrence compared to group-2 and a trend toward benefit for all atrial arrhythmias. Multivariate analysis showed that substrate mapping using nonlinear similarity and phase mapping was the independent predictor of freedom from AF recurrence (hazard ratio: 0.26; 95% confidence interval: 0.09 to 0.74; p = 0.01). Conclusions Our study showed that for persistent AF ablation, a specified substrate modification guided by nonlinear phase mapping could eliminate localized re-entry and non-pulmonary focal sources after pulmonary vein isolation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-678
Number of pages12
JournalJACC: Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • ablation
  • atrial fibrillation
  • electrogram
  • rotor

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