In Le dernier Chouan ou la Bretagne en 1800 (1829) Balzac proposes an analysis of French political situation by connecting three characters: Marie de Verneuil, the Marquis de Montauran and the commander Hulot. The identity of Marie, illegitimate child of the Duke de Verneuil and secret agent of the Revolution, is related to the complexity of the relations between some political systems which are opposite and complementary at the same time. In the end, the death of the two protagonists after their marriage is meaningful: it represents the fusion between two incompatible systems. Montauran and Hulot have been as "loyal enemies." After the death of the couple-enemies, and at the price of their sacrifice, the revolutionary military becomes a marshal and an executor of the aristocrat.