Ball-milling processing of nanocrystalline nickel hydroxide and its effects in pasted nickel electrodes for rechargeable nickel batteries

Q. S. Song, C. H. Chiu, S. L.I. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanocrystalline Ni(OH) 2 powder synthesized by a chemical precipitation method was processed using the planetary ball milling (PBM), and the physical properties of both the ball-milled and unmilled Ni(OH) 2 were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), specific surface area, particle size distribution, and X-ray diffraction. It was found that the PBM processing could significantly break up the agglomeration, uniformize the particle size distribution, increase the surface area, decrease the crystallite size, and reduce the crystallinity of nanocrystalline β-Ni(OH) 2, which were advantageous to the improvement of the electrochemical activity of Ni(OH) 2. The ball-milled nanocrystalline (BMN) Ni(OH) 2 was then used to alter the microstructure of pasted nickel electrodes and improve the distribution of the active material in the porous electrode substrate. Electrochemical performances of pasted nickel electrodes with a mixture of BMN and spherical Ni(OH) 2 as the active material were investigated, and were compared with those of pure spherical Ni(OH) 2 electrodes. Charge/discharge tests showed that BMN Ni(OH) 2 addition could enhance the charging efficiency, specific discharge capacity, discharge voltage, and high-rate capability of pasted nickel electrodes. This performance improvement could be attributed to a more compact electrode microstructure, better reaction reversibility, and lower electrochemical impedance, as indicated by SEM, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Thus, it was an effective method to modify the microstructure and improve the electrochemical properties of pasted nickel electrodes by adding an appropriate amount of BMN Ni(OH) 2 to spherical Ni(OH) 2 as the active material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-141
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Solid State Electrochemistry
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Electrode microstructure
  • Nanocrystalline nickel hydroxide
  • Pasted nickel electrode
  • Planetary ball milling
  • Solid-state proton diffusion

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