Autonomic Navigation System Based on Predicted Traffic and VANETs

Jyun Yan Yang, Li Der Chou, Li Ming Tseng, Yi Ming Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

To avoid an expected traffic jam, drivers make detours based on limited information; however, the majority following the alike routes may result in an unexpected congestion. Conventional navigation approaches are unable to respond to the unexpected congestion because these approaches do not consider the routes taken by other vehicles. Navigation systems that utilize global traffic information can improve gas consumption, CO2 emissions and travel time. Therefore, in this paper, the authors propose an autonomic navigation system (ANS) operating over vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs). The proposed ANS adopts a hierarchical algorithm to plan vehicle routes. The proposed ANS imitates the human nervous system when managing the navigation system, in which vehicles monitor traffic via VANETs. Moreover, this paper proposes a time-dependent routing algorithm that uses a novel traffic prediction method based on the routes of vehicles. This paper adopts EstiNet as simulator tool that dominates hundreds or thousands of VANET-based vehicles routing in two maps, Manhattan area, and Taipei city. The results show that the proposed ANS improves the average speed by 60.02 % when compared with the shortest path first (SPF) algorithm and by 15.49 % when compared with the distributed method of a traffic simulation in the Manhattan area. The proposed ANS also improves the average speed by 30.5 % when compared with the SPF algorithm and by 15.8 % when compared with the distributed method of a traffic simulation in the Taipei area. Furthermore, to emulate real environments, there is a scenario in which only a portion of the vehicles complies with the proposed ANS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-546
Number of pages32
JournalWireless Personal Communications
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Autonomous
  • Car navigation
  • Dynamic
  • Traffic management
  • Vehicle navigation

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