Based on a linearized model of the Yarkovsky effect, we investigate in this paper the dependence of the semimajor axis drift Δa of a celestial body on its size, spinning obliquity, initial orbit, and thermal parameters on its surface. With appropriate simplification and approximation, we obtain the analytical solutions to the perturbation equations for the motion of asteroids influenced by the Yarkovsky effect, and they are then verified by numerical simulations of the full equations of motion. These solutions present explicitly the dependences of Δa on the thermal and dynamical parameters of the asteroid.With these analytical formulae for Δa, we investigate the combined seasonal and diurnal Yarkovsky effects. The critical points where the migration direction reverses are calculated and the consequent selective effects according to the size and rotation state of asteroids are discussed. Finally, we apply the analytical formulae to calculate the migration of Eos family members. The space distribution of asteroids is well reproduced. Our calculations suggest that statistically the orientations of spin axes of family members satisfy a random-obliquity distribution, and the rotation rate ωrot of an asteroid depends on its size R by ωrot ∝ R-1.
- Celestial mechanics
- Methods: miscellaneous
- Minor planets, asteroids: general