Assessing the Reliability and Validity of the Chinese Sexual Assault Symptom Scale (C-SASS): Scale Development and Validation

Chang Hwai Wang, Jin Chuan Lee, Yu Hsi Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The purpose of this research is to establish and verify the psychometric and structural properties of the self-report Chinese Sexual Assault Symptom Scale (C-SASS) to assess the trauma experienced by Chinese victims of sexual assault. An earlier version of the C-SASS was constructed using a modified list of the same trauma symptoms administered to an American sample and used to develop and validate the Sexual Assault Symptom Scale II (SASS II). The rationale of this study is to revise the earlier version of the C-SASS, using a larger and more representative sample and more robust statistical analysis than in earlier research, to permit a more thorough examination of the instrument and further confirm the dimensions of sexual assault trauma in Chinese victims of rape. In this study, a sample of 418 victims from northern Taiwan was collected to confirm the reliability and validity of the C-SASS. Exploratory factor analysis yielded five common factors: Safety Fears, Self-Blame, Health Fears, Anger and Emotional Lability, and Fears About the Criminal Justice System. Further tests of the validity and composite reliability of the C-SASS were provided by the structural equation modeling (SEM). The results indicated that the C-SASS was a brief, valid, and reliable instrument for assessing sexual assault trauma among Chinese victims in Taiwan. The scale can be used to evaluate victims in sexual assault treatment centers around Taiwan, as well as to capture the characteristics of sexual assault trauma among Chinese victims.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-143
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • Chinese rape victims in Taiwan
  • sexual assault symptom scale
  • sexual assault trauma


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