Assessing impact of climate change on hydrology of Melka Kuntrie Subbasin, Ethiopia with Ar4 and Ar5 projections

Yitea Seneshaw Getahun, Ming Hsu Li, Pei Yuan Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Assessing future challenges in water resources management is crucial to the Melka Kuntrie (MK) subbasin suffering water shortage. Impact assessments are evaluated by the HBV hydrological model with six scenarios, including two GCMs of AR4-A2 and two GCMs of AR5-RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, for the time periods 2021-2050 and 2071-2100. Evapotranspiration is expected to increase under all scenarios-due to rising temperature-and induce more water stress on rainfed agriculture of the area. However, the increase in the monthly minimum temperature is beneficial to crops against chilling damages. Five out of six projections show significant increases of rainfall and streamflow in both annual and major rainy seasons, except ECHAM-A2. Annual rainfall (streamflow) is expected to increase by 38% (23%) and 57% (49%) during 2021-2050 and 2071-2100, respectively, under RCP8.5 scenarios. Greater flashflood risk is a concern because of the projected increase in streamflow. The projection of decreased streamflow with ECHAM-A2 will exacerbate the existing water shortage, especially in the minor rainy season. Water harvesting during the major rainy season would be vital to enhance water management capacities and reduce flashflood risks. Lacking sufficient hydraulic and irrigation infrastructures, the MK subbasin will be more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1308
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2020


  • Climate change
  • HBV model
  • Hydrological impacts
  • RCPs
  • SRES


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