ArithmeticDesk: Computer Embedded Manipulatives for Learning Arithmetic

Hercy N.H. Cheng, Ben Chang, Yi Chan Deng, Tak Wai Chan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Physical manipulatives have been applied in traditional education for a long time. This paper proposes that by embedding computing power in manipulatives computers can monitor students' physical manipulations to support learning. This paper also describes the design of a digital desk prototype, called ArithmeticDesk to illustrate the vision of computer embedded manipulatives and takes learning fractions as an example. The study is an attempt to accommodate physical and virtual manipulations, as well as to eliminate the gap between traditional and computer-based learning activities. More experiments and studies will be conducted in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationArtificial Intelligence in Education
Subtitle of host publicationSupporting Learning through Intelligent and Socially Informed Technology
EditorsChee-Kit Looi, Gord McCalla, Bert Bredeweg, Joost Breuker
PublisherIOS Press BV
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)1586035304, 9781586035303
StatePublished - 2005
Event12th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, AIED 2005 - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 18 Jul 200522 Jul 2005

Publication series

NameFrontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISSN (Print)0922-6389
ISSN (Electronic)1879-8314


Conference12th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, AIED 2005


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