Applying a Deep Learning Neural Network to Gait-Based Pedestrian Automatic Detection and Recognition

Chih Lung Lin, Kuo Chin Fan, Chin Rong Lai, Hsu Yung Cheng, Tsung Pin Chen, Chao Ming Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gait recognition is a noncontact biometric procedure that determines the identity or health status of a person by analyzing his or her walking posture and habits, including skeletal and joint movements. The most remarkable feature of this method is the possibility of conducting recognition without demanding much cooperation from participants. Therefore, this recognition technique has attracted much attention from scholars. Additionally, because of the rapid development of graphics processing unit technology, related hardware and computation performance, the applications of deep-learning technology are considerably enhanced. The objective of this study was to apply a deep neural network (DNN), which employs deep-learning technology, to achieve gait-based automatic pedestrian detection and recognition. In contrast to using wearable devices to precisely capture skeletal and joint movements, pedestrian color-image sequences were used as input in this study. Subsequently, a pretraining convolutional neural network (CNN) was employed to capture pedestrian location and extract pedestrian dense optical flow to serve as concrete low-level feature inputs. Then, a finely-tuned DNN based on the wide residual network was employed to extract high-level abstract features. In addition, to overcome the difficulty of obtaining local temporal features by using a 2D CNN, part of the 3D convolutional structure was introduced into the CNN. This design enabled use of limited memory to acquire more effective features and enhance the DNN performance. The experimental results show that the proposed method has exceptional performance for pedestrian detection and recognition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4326
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2022

Keywords

  • artificial intelligence
  • convolution neural network
  • FlowNet
  • pedestrian recognition
  • Wide ResNet
  • YOLO

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