Anomalous geomagnetic variations possibly linked with the taiwan Earthquake (Mw = 6.4) on 19 December 2009

E. M. Takla, K. Yumoto, J. Y. Liu, Y. Kakinami, T. Uozumi, S. Abe, A. Ikeda

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Abstract

On 19 December 2009, the eastern part of Taiwan at approximate depth of 45 km was struck by a strong earthquake (Mw = 6.4). The epicenter was located about 20 km away from the Hualien (HLN) station in Taiwan. By analyzing data from the HLN station and Amami Oshima (AMA) in Japan as a remote reference, the geomagnetic east-west (D) and vertical (Z) components recorded at the HLN station are showing no correlation with those at the AMA station in December 2009. Anomalous variations of ∼10-15 nT started about one week before the occurrence of the earthquake and lasted for about two weeks. Also, an enhanced ULF signal in the range of Pc 3 (10-40 s) was observed a few days before the onset of the earthquake. Moreover, the polarization ratio (Z/H (north-south component)) of the Pc 3 amplitude at the HLN station decreased a few days preceding the earthquake. The mechanism behind these anomalous variations is not fully understood. However, we expect that crustal stress perturbations and underground conductivity changes associated with the earthquake played an important role for generating such observed geomagnetic variations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number848467
JournalInternational Journal of Geophysics
Volume2011
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

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