Analyses of 1994 typhoons in the Taiwan Region using satellite data

A. T.C. Chang, L. S. Chiu, G. R. Liu, K. H. Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Taiwan is situated in the prevalent typhoon track in the northwestern Pacific. On average, about one third of the island total annual precipitation is due to typhoons, with the other two third being contributed by the summer monsoon, or Meiyu, and wintertime large scale frontal rainfall. While the typhoons bring the needed moisture for agricultural consumption and industrial utilization, heavy rainfall associated with typhoons often result in large scale flooding and land slide. The prediction of the typhoon track and its severity is therefore a high priority topic both for operation and research. The severity of a typhoon can be defined in terms of the wind strength and the moisture content. The Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) on board of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites measures microwave radiation in 19.4, 22.2, 37 and 85.5 GHz. These measurements provide an opportunity to estimate parameters such as surface wind speed, water vapor and cloud water contents, and rainfall rate over oceans. In 1994, Taiwan experienced an above normal frequency of typhoon hits, five typhoons hit the island in two months. In this report, estimates of the moisture content of these typhoons are made based on the SSM/I measurements. An assessment of the relative strength of the typhoons are made with analyzed data.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCOSPAR Colloquia Series
PublisherElsevier Masson SAS
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 1997

Publication series

NameCOSPAR Colloquia Series
ISSN (Print)0964-2749


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