An extraordinary episode of Yellowstone caldera uplift, 2004-2010, from GPS and InSAR observations

Wu Lung Chang, Robert B. Smith, Jamie Farrell, Christine M. Puskas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Geodetic measurements of Yellowstone ground deformation from 2006 to June 2010 reveal deceleration of the recent uplift of the Yellowstone caldera following an unprecedented period of uplift that began in 2004. In 2006-2008 uplift rates decreased from 7 to 5 cm/yr and 4 to 2 cm/yr in the northern and southwest caldera, respectively, and in 2009 rates further reduced to 2 cm/yr and 0.5 cm/yr in the same areas. Elastic-dislocation modeling of the deformation data robustly indicates an expanding sill at ∼7-10 km depth near the top of a seismically imaged, crystallizing magma reservoir, with a 60% decrease in the volumetric expansion rate between 2006 and 2009. Reduction of hydrothermal-volcanic recharge from beneath the northeast caldera and seismic moment release of the 2008 and 2010 large earthquake swarms are plausible mechanisms for decelerating the caldera uplift and may have influenced the change in recent caldera motion from uplift to subsidence.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL23302
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume37
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2010

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'An extraordinary episode of Yellowstone caldera uplift, 2004-2010, from GPS and InSAR observations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this