An Explorative Study of the Political, Economic, and Social Factors Influencing the Development of Senior Housing: A Case Study of Hong Kong

Ting Ting Ji, Hsi Hsien Wei, Yi Sun, Joon Oh Seo, Jieh Haur Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Senior housing with age-friendly design and elderly care services contributes to the health and well-being of older people. Previous research has evidenced that the immediate environment factors of senior housing, such as the design of housing features and facilities, have a direct bearing on the satisfaction and quality of life of older people. However, external environment factors, such as political, economic, and social ones that affect key stakeholders’ behaviors in senior housing development, are relatively under-researched. Accordingly, this study aimed to explore the external environmental factors influencing the development of senior housing. Taking Hong Kong as case study, this study first commenced with a systematic review to identify the factors in political, economic, and social domains from global evidence. Following this, we interviewed local experts from academia, industry, and government to solicit their opinions on the relative importance of these factors. We then determined the factor rankings using the analytical hierarchy process method. The results showed that local experts perceived economic factors as the most critical ones in influencing senior housing development in Hong Kong, including land costs, funding from financial institutions, and government incentives. If policymakers tend to promote senior housing in densely populated cities like Hong Kong, the policies should be attractive for housing developers, such as land premium concessions and innovative financial channels for supporting the long-term development of senior housing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number617
JournalBuildings
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • aging in place
  • critical factors
  • densely populated cities
  • elderly care
  • housing development
  • housing for the elderly
  • pre-COVID
  • senior housing

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