An evidence of beam broadening effect dominating Doppler spectra of field-aligned irregularities in sporadic e region made with the Chung-Li radar

Yen Hsyang Chu, Chien Ya Wang

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Abstract

With the interferometry technique implemented at the 52 MHz Chung-Li VHF radar, for the first time we present the observational evidence showing that the observed Doppler spectral widths of the field-aligned irregularities in the sporadic E region may be dominated by the beam broadening effect. Statistics indicates that the ratio of the beam broadening spectral width to the observed Doppler spectral width for the data investigated in this research is in the range 0.1-0.6. In a special case, however, the ratio can be as large as 0.8 or more. After removing the beam broadening spectral width from observed spectral width, we obtain that the magnitude of the spectral width caused by the random fluctuation of the plasma irregularities is in the range 1-7 m/s, comparable to that induced by the neutral turbulences in Es region. We also examine the power law relation σO = aVdb between the observed Doppler spectral width σO and the drift velocity Vd of the irregularities, showing that the estimated b value is only about 0.289, which is much smaller than the value of 4/3 predicted by the theory of nonlinear turbulence energy cascade process. This result is in excellent agreement with that obtained by a stochastic model that simulates the observed Doppler spectral width in terms of the combination of the spectral width caused by neutral-induced plasma irregularities and the beam broadening spectral width. Therefore it appears very likely that the mechanism involved in the generation of the 3-m field-aligned irregularities for the present case seems to be the neutral turbulences that induce the plasma irregularities responsible for the radar returns, instead of the nonlinear turbulence energy cascade process from primary plasma wave associated with the gradient drift instability.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA09305
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume110
Issue numberA9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

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