In this article, an endochronic model of yield surface is proposed. Based on this model, the yield surface is simulated such that the forward and rear parts of the yield surface are described by different ellipses which are characterized by corresponding aspect ratio functions, respectively. Verification of the endochronic theory used the experimental results of yield surfaces obtained by Wu and Yeh for 304 stainless steel (Wu, H.C., Yeh, W.C., 1991. On the experimental determination of yield surfaces and some results of annealed 304 stainless steel. Int. J. Plasticity 7, 803-826). The experiments were performed cyclically under uniaxial, torsional, and combined axial-torsional loading conditions. The result has shown that the agreement between the prediction and experiments is quite satisfactory. In addition to the distortion of the yield surface plastically behaving a sharp front accompanied by a blunt rear, the anisotropic kinematic hardening effect has been addressed in this investigation. Although the experimental results of yield surfaces subjected to non-proportional loading conditions can be found in the literature, lack of information about the plastic strain history makes it impossible to verify the theory under such complicated loading conditions. The domain of applicability and validity of the theory, which is defined in terms of plastic strain increments, need be further investigated with the aim to set up related experiments.
- Aspect ratio function
- Deformation induced anisotropy
- Endochronic theory
- Yield surface