An assessment of structural measures for flood-prone lowlands with high population density along the Keelung River in Taiwan

Lung Sheng Hsieh, Ming Hsi Hsu, Ming Hsu Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Midstream of the Keelung River Basin in Northern Taiwan has become highly urbanized and densely populated area. Flood inundation along riversides frequently occurred during typhoons or rainstorms. Three protection measures, including constructions of high-level protection levees, a diversion channel, and a detention reservoir, were proposed for flood mitigation. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the flood mitigation performance of the three proposed structural measures by using combined hydrologic analyses and hydraulic routings. A semi-distributed parallel-type linear reservoirs rainfall-runoff model was used for estimating the surface runoff. Furthermore, a 1-D dynamic channel routing model was coupled with a two-dimensional inundation model to simulate the hydraulic characteristics of river flooding and overland flow. Simulation results of flood stages, runoff peak discharges, and inundation extent under design rainfall scenarios were chosen as the criteria for evaluation. The results showed a diversion channel is superior to the other two measures for flood mitigation of the study area. After the process of environmental impact assessment, a revised diversion channel approach has been approved for construction as the major structural measure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-152
Number of pages20
JournalNatural Hazards
Volume37
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Keywords

  • Flood inundation
  • Flood mitigation
  • Flood-prone lowlands
  • Inundation model
  • Structural measures

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