Background: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the cornerstone of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Success is associated with autonomic function modulation; however, the relationship between the changes after ablation is not fully understood. We aimed to investigate the effect of ablation on autonomic modulation by skin sympathetic nerve activity (SKNA) using conventional electrocardiogram (ECG) electrodes and to predict the treatment success. Methods: We enrolled 79 patients. We recorded neuECG for 10 min at 10 kHz before and after ablation. The NeuECG was bandpass-filtered (500–1,000 Hz) and integrated at intervals of 100 ms (iSKNA). iSKNA was averaged over different time windows (1-, 5-,10-s; aSKNAs), and burst analyses were derived from aSKNAs to quantify the dynamics of sympathetic activities. AF recurrence after 3 months was defined as the study endpoint. Results: Sixteen patients experienced AF recurrence after the ablation. For burst analysis of 1-s aSKNA, the recurrence group had a higher bursting frequency than the non-recurrence group (0.074 ± 0.055 vs. 0.109 ± 0.067; p < 0.05) before ablation. The differences between pre- and post-ablation of firing duration longer than 2 s were more in the non-recurrence group (2.75 ± 6.41 vs. −1.41 ± 5.14; p < 0.05), while no significant changes were observed in the percentage of duration longer than 10 s using 5-s aSKNA. In addition, decreases in differences in firing frequency and percentage of both overall firing duration and longer firing duration (> 2 s) between pre- and post-ablation were independently associated with AF recurrence and more area under receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve in combination with CHADS2 score (0.833). Conclusion: We demonstrated the applicability of neuECG for determining sympathetic modulation during AF ablation. Decreasing sympathetic activity is the key to successful ablation.
|Journal||Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine|
|State||Published - 30 Nov 2022|
- atrial fibrillation
- catheter ablation
- skin sympathetic nerve activity