By exploiting the nanometer sensitivity of the confocal response to the position of an in-focus reflecting surface, we measured the bending rigidity of lipid-bilayer vesicles with a noninvasive all-optical method. The vesicles were weakly deformed with femtonewton optical force, and the bending rigidity was measured continuously from the [formula presented] through the [formula presented] to the [formula presented] phases on the same specimen for the first time. The bending modulus is found to increase by an order of magnitude from the [formula presented] phase to the [formula presented] phase, as a result of the increasing area-compressibility modulus and bilayer thickness. The dips of bending modulus give precisely the main-transition and pretransition temperatures, which supports the recently proposed chain-melting model of pretransition.
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - 2001|