A Web-based EFL writing environment: Integrating information for learners, teachers, and researchers

David Wible, Chin Hwa Kuo, Feng Yi Chien, Anne Liu, Nai Lung Tsao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


With the rise in the popularity of web-based education, there is a pressing need for the design of web-based systems that are domain-specific. This need is particularly acute for the domain of second language education, where generic web-based systems fall short of fulfilling the potential of the Internet for meeting the particular challenges faced by language learners and teachers. A novel interactive online environment is described which integrates the potential of computers, Internet, and linguistic analysis to address the highly specific needs of second language composition classes. The system accommodates learners, teachers, and researchers. A crucial consequence of the interactive nature of this system is that users actually create information through their use, and this information enables the system to improve with use. Specifically, the essays written by users and the comments given by teachers are archived in a searchable online database. Learners can do pinpoint searches of this data to understand their individual persistent difficulties. Teachers can do the same in order to discover these difficulties for individual learners and for a class as a whole. The architecture of the system makes possible a novel approach to corpus analysis of learner errors. Teachers' annotations of learner errors are exploited as bootstraps which can lead to the incremental uncovering of errors without the need to heavily error tag the learner corpus. Error analysis then feeds the design of online help content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-315
Number of pages19
JournalComputers and Education
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Nov 2001


  • Applications in subject areas
  • Architectures for educational technology system
  • Interactive learning environments


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