## Abstract

A new stress-pressure-displacement formulation for the planar elasticity equations is proposed by introducing the auxiliary variables, stresses, and pressure. The resulting first-order system involves a nonnegative parameter that measures the material compressibility for the elastic body. A two-stage least-squares finite element procedure is introduced for approximating the solution to this system with appropriate boundary conditions. It is shown that the two-stage least-squares scheme is stable and, with respect to the order of approximation for smooth exact solutions, the rates of convergence of the approximations for all the unknowns are optimal both in the H^{1}-norm and in the L^{2}-norm. Numerical experiments with various values of the parameter are examined, which demonstrate the theoretical estimates. Among other things, computational results indicate that the behavior of convergence is uniform in the nonnegative parameter.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 297-315 |

Number of pages | 19 |

Journal | Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations |

Volume | 14 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - May 1998 |

## Keywords

- Elasticity equations
- Error estimates
- Finite elements
- Least-squares