A study on the factors influencing the participation of face-to-face discussion and online synchronous discussion in class

Lixin Zhao, Xiaoxia Shen, Wu Yuin Hwang, Timothy K. Shih

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Discussion is an effective way of improving teaching quality. Face-to-face discussion and online discussion have their own advantages and disadvantages respectively, but they both face the challenge that how to enhance students’ participation. There are many related studies on factors affecting students’ participation, most of which are around external factors, while studies on internal factors are fewer. Spiral of Silence (SOS) theory can be applied for explaining the factors affecting people engage in public discussion, and this study apply extended SOS framework for analyzing psychological factors that affect students’ participation willingness and outspoken willingness in face-to-face discussion and online synchronous discussion. The result shows that communication apprehension can significantly hinder participation, and fear of isolation can significantly reduce outspokenness willingness. Online discussion will cause less communication apprehension and more participation willingness and outspoken willingness. Contemporary, Chinese university students have the courage to face the competition and are not afraid of expressing minority opinions, but they may fear the authority of the government and their teachers.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntelligent Tutoring Systems - 16th International Conference, ITS 2020, Proceedings
EditorsVivekanandan Kumar, Christos Troussas
PublisherSpringer
Pages184-195
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9783030496623
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Event16th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, ITS 2020 - Athens, Greece
Duration: 8 Jun 202012 Jun 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12149 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference16th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, ITS 2020
Country/TerritoryGreece
CityAthens
Period8/06/2012/06/20

Keywords

  • Class discussion
  • Face to face discussion
  • Online discussion
  • Outspoken willingness
  • Participation willingness
  • Spiral of Silence

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