A pressurized ammonia-fed planar anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell at 1–5 atm and 750–850°C and its loaded short stability test

Y. T. Hung, S. S. Shy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ammonia is a useful energy carrier for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) with advantages over hydrogen. Understanding of the performance and stability of ammonia-fed SOFC operated at elevated pressure (p) is an important step towards the development of high-efficiency hybrid SOFC power system with micro gas turbine (MGT). This paper reports cell performance, electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS), and stability measurements of a pressurized ammonia-fed anode-supported SOFC at p = 1–5 atm and T = 750–850°C using a planar (50 × 50 mm2) single-full-cell (400 μm Ni-YSZ anode/3 μm YSZ electrolyte/12 μm LSC-GDC cathode). The full cell together with metallic frames and current collectors are sandwiched by a pair of rib-channel flow distributors (interconnectors) in a high-pressure testing facility. Results show that pressurization and increasing temperature enhance the ammonia-fed SOFC performance significantly having almost the same power densities as those of hydrogen/nitrogen-fed SOFC, as substantiated and explained by EIS data and an equivalence circuit model where the effects of p and T on ohmic, gas diffusion, and gas conversion impedances are shown. Moreover, the loaded short (10 h) stability tests at 700°C and 0.8 V for 1 atm/3 atm cases reveal no/little power degradation, where the microstructures without any crack within the scale of SEM observation and nearly the same element atomic percentages of Ni-YSZ anode surfaces from EDX spectra are found. These results suggest that the pressurized ammonia-fed SOFC is a promising candidate for the hybrid SOFC-MGT power generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27597-27610
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume45
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Electrochemical impedance spectra
  • Equivalence circuit model
  • Gas diffusion and conversion impedances
  • Power generating characteristics
  • Pressurized planar ammonia-fed anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell
  • Stability test

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