A Power-Saving Adaptive Equalizer with a Digital-Controlled Self-Slope Detection

Yo Hao Tu, Kuo Hsing Cheng, Man Ju Lee, Jen Chieh Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


When operating at a gigahertz-level frequency, a high-frequency signal is distorted and degraded through the channel. To meet the demand of low cost and the low power consumption for consumer electronic products, this paper proposes a power-saving adaptive equalizer with digital-controlled self-slope detection to compensate channel losses. Reducing and shutting down high-speed circuits in addition to digitization are the most effective methods for minimizing both power and cost. This study also proposes a serial processing for reducing one high-speed detection circuit. The main concept is to use a self-slope detection circuit, which compares two continuous serial slopes, instead of a previous detection circuit, which uses a slicer. After compensation, a shutdown mechanism switches OFF the control circuit to reduce power. A serial processing enables channeling the data through the same circuit and path to avoid swing balancing and mismatch problems. An experimental chip was implemented using 90-nm 1P9M CMOS technology. In the experiment, the equalizer is operated at a supply power of 1 V with 4.35 mW. The core area occupies of 120~\mu \text{m} \times 189~\mu \text{m} , and the peak-to-peak jitter measured at 5 Gb/s by using the PRBS31 pattern through a 1.5-m channel is 0.36 UI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2097-2108
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2018


  • Adaptive equalizer (EQ)
  • power saving
  • serial processing
  • slope detection


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