A packing generation scheme for the granular assemblies with planar elliptical particles

Chung Yue Wang, Vei Chung Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


In this paper, a new generator algorithm and a computer program PG2D is introduced for 2D numerical simulation of packing configuration in a granular material composed of elliptical particles of different a/b aspect ratios. Each elliptical particle is approximated by four connected arcs. The centre co-ordinates and radius of each arc and co-ordinates of connecting points can be determined from the formulae derived by entering the major axis length, 2a, and the eccentricity. The domain to be filled with particles can be a polygon of any shape. Given the size of the packing domain, geometrical information and numbers of particles to be generated, the packing location of each particle and the co-ordinates of contact points along with contact normal rose diagram can be generated as outputs. Simulation results show that this new algorithm can provide quite a reasonable packing model in accordance with the initial input required for the analysis of the mechanics of granular material. This generation scheme has the potential to cover packing generation and behaviour analysis of 3D sphere or ellipsoidal shaped granular materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-358
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1997


  • Assemblies
  • Elliptical
  • Micromechanics
  • Packing
  • Particle
  • Simulation


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