A novel manufacturing method for double-enveloping worms using a whirl-machining process

Moeso Andrianto, Yu Ren Wu, Achmad Arifin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Double-enveloping worms (DEWs) are widely used in many applications, especially in space-saving and high-reduction ratio equipment. DEWs have a higher transmission efficiency and contact ratio than non-enveloping worms. In this study, a general method to manufacture enveloping worms using a whirl-machining process is proposed. The whirl-machining tool profile is provided from a straight-lined blade, which is tilted with an angle the same as the lead angle of the worm. The whirl-machining model is developed by a relative-motion coordinate system of a proposed CNC machining machine. The cutting simulations, surface topologies, and normal deviations for worms are demonstrated with different pitch radius of gear, lead angles, and cylindrical worms. In order to determine the practicability and accuracy of the developed model, six numerical examples are performed. A virtual cutting simulation was conducted on the worm using VERICUT. The results verify the benefits of the proposed method in DEW manufacturing.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMechanism and Machine Theory
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • Double-enveloping worm
  • Hourglass worm
  • Surface topology
  • Whirl-machining


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