A Novel Description approach based on sorted rectangles for scheduling information bearing in OFDMA systems

Tsung Yu Tsai, Yi Hsueh Tsai, Zsehong Tsai, Shiann Tsong Sheu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dynamic time/frequency resource allocation has been widely employed in wireless OFDMA systems. In such mechanisms, sophisticated scheduling decisions need to be conveyed to users and may lead to considerable signaling overhead. In this paper, a new efficient approach, namely, Sorted-Rectangle Description (SRD) is proposed for describing the scheduling decision in an OFDMA frame. SRD first partitions a frame into minimum number of rectangular polygons, namely, rectangular bursts (RB), in which each RB contains the resource units belonging to the same assignment. We show that each RB-partitioned frame is sufficient to be fully reconstructed by the top-left coordinates of each RB in a specific sorted order. Sorting and reconstructing algorithms with linear time complexity in the total number of RBs are also proposed. Simulations based on a multi-user OFDMA system with full-buffer or periodic small-data traffic model are conducted to evaluate the performance of the proposed SRD method under two representative scenarios. The simulation results show that, for the full-buffer traffic model with a proportional fair (PF) scheduler, the proposed description approach can achieve significant reduction of the overhead ratio compared to that of the existing systems and is expected to lead to considerable increase of system throughput. Meanwhile, for the periodic small-data traffic model, it is shown that the proposed description approach can greatly reduce the rate of packet loss due to timeout or buffer overflow and thus provides significant improvement of the system capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-99
Number of pages18
JournalComputer Networks
StatePublished - 14 Mar 2017


  • Resource allocation
  • Scheduling information
  • Signaling overhead


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