A machine learning approach to predicting readmission or mortality in patients hospitalized for stroke or transient ischemic attack

Ling Chien Hung, Sheng Feng Sung, Ya Han Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Readmissions after stroke are not only associated with greater levels of disability and a higher risk of mortality but also increase overall medical costs. Predicting readmission risk and understanding its causes are thus essential for healthcare resource allocation and quality improvement planning. By using machine learning techniques on initial admission data, this study aimed to develop prediction models for readmission or mortality after stroke. During model development, resampling methods were implemented to balance the class distribution. Two-layer nested cross-validation was used to build and evaluate the prediction models. A total of 3422 patients were included for analysis. The 90-day rate of readmission or mortality was 17.6%. This study identified several important predictive factors, including age, prior emergency department visits, pre-stroke functional status, stroke severity, body mass index, consciousness level, and use of a nasogastric tube. The Naive Bayes model with class weighting to compensate for class imbalance achieved the highest discriminatory capacity in terms of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.661). Despite having room for improvement, the prediction models could be used for early risk assessment of patients with stroke. Identification of patients at high risk for readmission or mortality immediately after admission has the potential of enabling early discharge planning and transitional care interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6337
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Machine learning
  • Prediction models
  • Readmission
  • Risk assessment
  • Stroke

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