## Abstract

Motivated by the desire to understand the causal structure of physical signals produced in curved spacetimes - particularly around black holes - we show how, for certain classes of geometries, one might obtain its retarded or advanced minimally coupled massless scalar Green's function by using the corresponding Green's functions in the higher dimensional Minkowski spacetime where it is embedded. Analogous statements hold for certain classes of curved Riemannian spaces, with positive definite metrics, which may be embedded in higher dimensional Euclidean spaces. The general formula is applied to (d ≥ 2)-dimensional de Sitter spacetime, and the scalar Green's function is demonstrated to be sourced by a line emanating infinitesimally close to the origin of the ambient (d + 1)-dimensional Minkowski spacetime and piercing orthogonally through the de Sitter hyperboloids of all finite sizes. This method does not require solving the de Sitter wave equation directly. Only the zero mode solution to an ordinary differential equation, the "wave equation" perpendicular to the hyperboloid - followed by a one-dimensional integral - needs to be evaluated. A topological obstruction to the general construction is also discussed by utilizing it to derive a generalized Green's function of the Laplacian on the (d ≥ 2)-dimensional sphere.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 092501 |

Journal | Journal of Mathematical Physics |

Volume | 55 |

Issue number | 9 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 15 Sep 2014 |