A laboratory experiment of shear-induced natural ventilation

Chia Ren Chu, Ren Hao Chen, Jhao Wei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


When the wind direction is parallel to the opening facade, the wind shear near the building opening generates turbulence and entrains air across the opening. This kind of shear-induced ventilation cannotbe predicted by the orifice equation because the time-averaged pressure difference across the opening is close to zero. This study uses wind tunnel experiments and the tracer gas decay method to investigate he ventilation rate of shear-induced ventilation. The influences of opening area A, external wind speed U and wind direction on the ventilation rates Q, of single-sided and two-sided openings are systemically xamined. The experimental results indicate that the dimensionless ventilation rate, Q=Q/UA, of shearinducedventilation is independent of the wind speed and opening area, and the value of Qof two-sided openings is larger than that of a single-sided opening. In addition, a cosine law was used to predict the ventilation rate of building with two-sided openings under various wind directions, and the results are compared with the prediction of the multizone ventilation model COMIS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2631-2637
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2011


  • Natural ventilation
  • Shear-induced ventilation
  • Tracer gas technique
  • Wind tunnel experiment


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