A hybrid channel stackelberg game under transaction cost analysis

Chin Nung Liao, Hsing Pei Kao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Traditionally, firms use intermediaries to reach final customers. Recently more firms have chosen to rely exclusively on direct channels, bypassing intermediaries to indirect channel from, for example, Internet retailers. In this paper, we propose a hybrid channel under transaction cost analysis (TCA) to extend the previous work by Chen, et al. to assess a hybrid channel environments. Game theory is used to compare a non-cooperative equilibrium of a differential game (Manufacturer-leader and Retailer-leader games) played under Stackelberg leadership strategies. Our analysis also reveals interaction effects between hybrid channel (manufacturer) and direct channel (retailer) channel performance levels. The implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-363
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Information and Management Sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2010


  • Hybrid channel
  • Retailing management
  • Stackelberg game
  • Transaction cost (tc)


Dive into the research topics of 'A hybrid channel stackelberg game under transaction cost analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this