A high-efficiency nonlinear frequency converter with a built-in amplitude modulator

Yen Chieh Huang, Ker Wei Chang, Yen Hung Chen, An Chung Chiang, Tze Chia Lin, Bi Cheng Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


We report simultaneous frequency conversion and amplitude modulation in an optical second-harmonic generator by electrooptically controlling the relative phase between the 1064-nm fundamental and the 532-nm second-harmonic fields in a dispersion crystal section between two periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) sections. Theoretical derivation and experimental demonstration were carried out for two novel crystal configurations, including a linear cascaded configuration in which a 2-cm dispersion section is sandwiched between two 2-cm PPLN sections, and a folding-crystal high-efficiency configuration in which the mixing waves traverse twice in a 2-cm PPLN section through total internal reflections in a 1.5-cm dispersion section. Due to the coherence enhancement in the constructive phase between the two second-harmonic generation (SHG) fields in the two PPLN sections, we measured a 30% increase in conversion efficiency compared to a 4-cm continuous-grating PPLN under the same condition. The measured half-wave voltage for the amplitude modulation is 1.1 V × d (μm)/ld (cm), where d is the separation of the electrodes and ld is the length of the electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1172
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2002


  • Modulator
  • PPLN
  • Wavelength converter


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