A generalized orthogonal subspace projection approach to unsupervised multispectral image classification

Hsuan Ren, Chein I. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations


Orthogonal subspace projection (OSP) has been successfully applied in hyperspectral image processing. In order for the OSP to be effective, the number of bands must be no less than that of signatures to be classified. This ensures that there are sufficient dimensions to accommodate orthogonal projections resulting from the individual signatures. Such inherent constraint is not an issue for hyperspectral images since they generally have hundreds of bands, which is more than the number of signatures resident within images. However, this may not be true for multispectral images where the number of signatures to be classified is greater than the number of bands such as three-band pour l'observation de la terra (SPOT) images. This paper presents a generalization of the OSP called generalized OSP (GOSP) that relaxes this constraint in such a manner that the OSP can be extended to multispectral image processing in an unsupervised fashion. The idea of the GOSP is to create a new set of additional bands that are generated nonlinearly from original multispectral bands prior to the OSP classification. It is then followed by an unsupervised OSP classifier called automatic target detection and classification algorithm (ATDCA). The effectiveness of the proposed GOSP is evaluated by SPOT and Landsat TM images. The experimental results show that the GOSP significantly improves the classification performance of the OSP. Index Terms-Automatic target detection and classification algorithm (ATDCA), band generation process (BGP), band number constraint (BNC), desired target detection and classification algorithm (DTDCA), generalized orthogonal subspace projection (GOSP), intrinsic dimensionality constraint (IDC), orthogonal subspace projection (OSP), target classification process (TCP), target generation process (TGP).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2515-2528
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2000


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